Syllabus for JEE mains and Advanced 2024


  • General Units and dimensions,
  • dimensional analysis;
  • least count,
  • significant figures;
  • Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments:
  1. Experiments based on using Vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer),
  2. Determination of g using simple pendulum,
  3. Young’s modulus – elasticity of the material
  4. Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
  5. Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter,
  6. focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v method,
  7. Speed of sound using resonance column,
  8. Verification of Ohm’s law using voltmeter and ammeter, and
  9. specific resistance of the material of a wire using meter bridge and post office box.


  • Motion in one dimension (Cartesian coordinates only),
  • projectiles motion,
  • Uniform circular motion;
  • Relative velocity


  • Newton’s laws of motion;
  • Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference;
  • Static and dynamic friction;

Work Power Energy

  • Kinetic and potential energy;
  • Work and power;
  • Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy.

Systems of particles;

  • Centre of mass and its motion;
  • Impulse;
  • Elastic and inelastic collisions.

Rigid body,

  • moment of inertia,
  • parallel and perpendicular axes theorems,
  • moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes;
  • Angular momentum;
  • Torque;
  • Conservation of angular momentum;
  • Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation;
  • Rolling without slipping of rings,
  • cylinders and spheres;
  • Equilibrium of rigid bodies;
  • Collision of point masses with rigid bodies.


  • Forced and damped oscillation (in one dimension),
  • resonance.
  • Linear and angular simple harmonic motions.

Mechanical Properties Of material

  • Hooke’s law,
  • Young’s modulus.


  • Law of gravitation;
  • Gravitational potential and field;
  • Acceleration due to gravity;
  • Kepler’s law,
  • Geostationary orbits,
  • Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits;
  • Escape velocity.

Fluid Mechanics

  • Pressure in a fluid;
  • Pascal’s law;
  • Buoyancy;
  • Surface energy and surface tension,
  • angle of contact,
  • drops, bubbles and capillary rise.
  • Viscosity (Poiseuille’s equation excluded),
  • Modulus of rigidity
  • and bulk modulus in mechanics.
  • Stoke’s law;
  • Terminal velocity,
  • Streamline flow,
  • equation of continuity,
  • Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.


  • Wave motion (plane waves only),
  • longitudinal and transverse waves,
  • superposition of waves;
  • Progressive and stationary waves;
  • Vibration of strings and air columns;
  • Resonance;
  • Beats;
  • Speed of sound in gases;
  • Doppler effect (in sound)

Thermal Physics

  • Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases;
  • Calorimetry,
  • latent heat;

Heat Transfer

  • Heat conduction in one dimension;
  • Elementary concepts of convection and radiation;
  • Newton’s law of cooling;

Thermodynamics process

  • Ideal gas laws;
  • Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monoatomic and diatomic gases);
  • Isothermal and adiabatic processes,
  • bulk modulus of gases;
  • Equivalence of heat and work;
  • First law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases);
  • Second law of thermodynamics,
  • reversible and irreversible processes,
  • Carnot engine and its efficiency;

Heat Trasfer through Radiation

  • Blackbody radiation:
  • absorptive and emissive powers;
  • Kirchhoff’s law;
  • Wien’s displacement law,
  • Stefan’s law.

Electricity and Magnestism

  • Coulomb’s law;
  • Electric field and potential;
  • Electrical potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field;
  • Electric field lines;
  • Flux of electric field;
  • Gauss’s law and its application in simple cases, such as, to find
  • field due to infinitely long straight wire,
  • uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and
  • uniformly charged thin spherical shell.


  • Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics;
  • Capacitors in series and parallel;
  • Energy stored in a capacitor.

Electric current;

  • Ohm’s law;
  • Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells;
  • Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications;
  • Heating effect of current.


  • Biot–Savart’s law and
  • Ampere’s law;
  • Magnetic field near a current-carrying straight wire, along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid;
  • Force on a moving charge and on a current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field.
  • Magnetic moment of a current loop;
  • Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop;
  • Moving coil galvanometer,
  • voltmeter,
  • ammeter and their conversions.

Electromagnetic induction and AC

  • Faraday’s law,
  • Lenz’s law;
  • Self and mutual inductance;
  • RC, LR, LC and LCR(in series) circuits with d.c. and a.c. sources.

Electromagnetic Waves

  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.


  • Rectilinear propagation of light;
  • Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces;
  • Total internal reflection;
  • Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism;
  • Thin lenses;
  • Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses;
  • Magnification

Wave nature of light:

  • Huygen’s principle,
  • interference limited to Young’s double slit experiment.
  • Diffraction due to a single slit.
  • Polarization of light,
  • plane polarized light;
  • Brewster’s law,
  • Polaroids.

Modern Physics

  • Atomic nucleus; α, β and γ radiations;
  • Law of radioactive decay;
  • Decay constant;
  • Half-life and mean life;
  • Binding energy and its calculation;
  • Fission and fusion processes;
  • Energy calculation in these processes.
  • Photoelectric effect;
  • Bohr’s theory of hydrogen-like atoms;
  • Characteristic and continuous X-rays,
  • Moseley’s law;
  • de Broglie wavelength of matter waves.