JEE Syllabus 2025

Units | Topics |

Physics and Measurement | Physics, technology and society, S. I. Units, fundamental and derived units, least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, measurement errors, Dimensions of Physics quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications. |

Kinematics | The frame of reference, motion in a straight line, Position- time graph, speed and velocity; Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graph, relations for uniformly accelerated motion, Scalars and Vectors, Vector. Addition and subtraction, zero vector, scalar and vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion. |

Laws of Motion | Force and inertia, Newton’s First law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion, Impulses; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications |

Work, Energy and Power | Work done by a content force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work-energy theorem, power. The potential energy of spring conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and neoconservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions. |

Rotational Motion | Centre of the mass of a two-particle system, Centre of the mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; a moment of a force; torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; the moment of inertia, the radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Rigid body rotation equations of rotational motion. |

Gravitation | The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s law of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo stationary satellites. |

Properties of Solid and Liquids | Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law. Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications. Viscosity. Stokes’ law. terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow. Reynolds number. Bernoulli’s principle and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation. Newton’s law of cooling |

Thermodynamics | Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, the concept of temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics. The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot engine and its efficiency |

Kinetic Theory of Gases | Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas, Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules: Degrees of freedom. Law of equipartition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path. Avogadro’s number. |

Oscillation and Waves | Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase: oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant: energy in S.H.M. – Kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period: Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance. Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, a reflection of waves. Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler Effect in sound |

Electrostatics | Electric charges: Conservation of charge. Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges: superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines. Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field. Electric flux. Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field. Conductors and insulators. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, the combination of capacitors in series and parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. Energy stored in a capacitor |

Current Electricity | Electric current. Drift velocity. Ohm’s law. Electrical resistance. Resistances of different materials. V-l characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors. Electrical energy and power. Electrical resistivity. Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance. Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge. Metre Bridge. Potentiometer – principle and its applications. |

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism | Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel current carrying conductorsdefinition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field: Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances. Magnetic susceptibility and permeability. Hysteresis. Electromagnets and permanent magnets. |

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current | Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law. Induced emf and current: Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage: reactance and impedance: LCR series circuit, resonance: Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer. |

Electromagnetic Waves | Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet. X-rays. Gamma rays), Applications of e.m. waves. |

Optics | Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula. Total internal reflection and its applications. Deviation and Dispersion of light by a; prism; Lens Formula. Magnification. Power of a Lens. Combination of thin lenses in contact. Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting ) and their magnifying powers. Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle. Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young’s double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarization, plane-polarized light: Brewster’s law, uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroid. |

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation | Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect. Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation: particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation. DavissonGermer experiment. |

Atoms and Nuclei | Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars: isotones. Radioactivity- alpha. beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion. |

Electronic Devices | Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: 1- V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED. the photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor: transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR. AND. NOT. NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch. |

- Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments:

- Experiments based on using Vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer),
- Determination of g using simple pendulum,
- Young’s modulus – elasticity of the material
- Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
- Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter,
- focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v method,
- Speed of sound using resonance column,
- Verification of Ohm’s law using voltmeter and ammeter, and
- specific resistance of the material of a wire using meter bridge and post office box.

## NEET Physics Syllabus 2025

NEET Physics Syllabus 2025 for Class 11 | |

Chapter Name | Topics |

Units and Measurements | Significant Figures, Errors in Measurement, Measuring Instruments |

Mathematical Tools | Binomial Expression and Approximation, Functions & Graphs, Logarithms, Differentiation and Integration |

Motion in a Straight Line | Frame of Reference, Motion under Gravity (Free Fall Motion), Graph of 1D Motion, Variable Acceleration |

Motion in a Plane | Vector Addition, Resolution of Vectors, Vector Projection, Projectile Motion, Relative Motion, Circular Motion |

Newton’s Laws of Motion | Newton’s First Law of Motion, Linear Momentum, Free Body Diagram, Working with Newton’s Second Law, Calculation of Acceleration, Frame of Reference, Rocket Propulsion, Types of Friction, Graph between Applied Force and Force of Friction, Angle of Friction and Angle of Repose, Acceleration of Body on Rough Surface, Dynamics of Circular Motion |

Work, Energy & Power | Work, Work Energy Theorem, Conservative and Non-Conservative Force, Potential Energy, Equilibrium, Law of Conservation of Energy, Power, Vertical Circular Motion |

Centre of Mass & System of Particles | Centre of Mass, Head-on Collision, Oblique Collision |

Rotational Motion | Moment of Inertia, Theorems of Moment of Inertia, Radius of Gyration, Angular Momentum, Rolling Motion, Rolling Motion on Inclined Plane |

Gravitation | Law of Gravitation, Acceleration due to Gravity, Gravitational Potential Energy, Gravitational Potential, Relation between Field and Potential, Escape Velocity, Satellite Motion, Kepler’s Laws of Planetary Motion, Weightlessness |

Mechanical Properties of Solids | Hooke’s Law, Modulus of Elasticity, Young’s Modulus |

Mechanical Properties of Fluids | Pressure, Buoyancy, Buoyant Force, Equation of Continuity, Bernoulli’s Theorem, Viscosity, Surface Tension |

Thermal Properties of Matter | Thermal Expansion, Application of Thermal Expansion, Specific Heat Capacity, Latent Heat, Calorimetry, Conduction, Radiation |

Kinetic Theory of Gases | Ideal Gases, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Different Speeds of Gas Molecules, Maxwell’s Law, Degree of Freedom, Law of Equipartition of Energy |

Thermodynamics | Thermal Equilibrium and Zeroth Law, First Law of Thermodynamics, Different Types of Processes, Carnot Cycle and Carnot Engine, Heat Pump |

Oscillations | Periodic Motion and Oscillatory Motion, Some Basic Terms Related to Oscillatory Motion, Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM), Equations of SHM, Energy in SHM, Calculation of Time Period of Spring Block System, Time Period of Pendulum, Oscillation of Liquid Column |

Waves | Characteristics of Waves, Progressive Wave on String, Characteristics of Sound Wave, Principle of Superposition of Wave, Stationary Waves, Echo |

NEET Physics Syllabus 2025 for Class 12 | |

Chapter Name | Topics |

Electric Charges and Fields | Charge, Coulomb’s Law, Electric Field of a Continuous Charge Distribution, Motion of a Charged Particle in Uniform Electric Field, Electric Field Lines, Electric Flux, Gauss Law, Application of Gauss’s Law, Electric Dipole, Dipole in a Uniform External Field, Short Dipole in Non-Uniform Electric Field |

Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance | Electrostatic Potential/Potential Difference, Equipotential Surface, Electric Potential Due to Dipole, Electrostatics of Conductor |

Current Electricity | Kirchhoff’s Laws and Combination of Resistances, Wheatstone Bridge and Symmetric Circuits, Electrical Measuring Instruments, RC Circuit |

Moving Charges and Magnetism | Biot-Savart’s Law, Magnetic Field Due to a Current Carrying Ring and Problems on Combination of Ring and Rod, Ampere’s Law and Its Applications, Force on a Moving Charge in a Magnetic Field, Helical Path, Lorentz Force and Velocity Selector, Magnetic Force on a Current Carrying Conductor, Gyromagnetic Ratio, Torque on a Current Carrying Loop |

Magnetism and Matter | Bar Magnet and Its Properties, Circular Coil as Magnetic Dipole, Tangent Galvanometer, Oscillation Magnetometer, Magnetisation and Magnetic Intensity, Classification of Magnetic Materials, Ferromagnetism and Hysteresis |

Electromagnetic Induction | Magnetic Flux and Lenz’s Law, Calculation of Induced EMF, Induced Electric Field, Self Inductance, Mutual Inductance, LC Oscillations and Transformer, Faraday’s Law |

Alternating Current | Introduction to Alternating Current, Average and RMS Values, Types of AC Circuits, Power & Power Factor, Choke Coil, Series LCR Circuit and Resonant Frequency, LC Oscillations and Transformer |

Electromagnetic Waves | Characteristics of Electromagnetic Waves |

Ray Optics and Optical Instruments | Reflection from Plane Mirror, Reflection from Spherical Mirror, Refraction from Plane Surface, Total Internal Refraction, Newton’s Formula, Combination of Lens and Mirror, Displacement Method to Find Focal Length, Dispersion of Light, Optical Instruments |

Wave Optics | Nature of Light, Interference of Light, Diffraction of Light, Polarisation |

Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter | Quantum Theory of Light, Photoelectric Effect |

Atoms | Bohr’s Model |

Nuclei | Mass Energy, Nuclear Size, Nuclear Stability, Binding Energy, Nuclear Energy |

Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits | PN Junction Diode, Application of PN Junction Diode, Logic Gate |